On the clear morning of August 6, the first atomic bomb, nicknamed Little Boy, was dropped on the city of Hiroshima.
Leveling over 60 percent of the city, 70,000 residents died instantaneously in a searing flash of heat.
A feeling of vindication and a desire to end the war strengthened the resolve of the United States to quickly and decisively conclude it.
President Harry Truman had many alternatives at his disposal for ending the war: invade the Japanese mainland, hold a demonstration of the destructive power of the atomic bomb for Japanese dignitaries, drop an atomic bomb on selected industrial Japanese cities, bomb and blockade the islands, wait for Soviet entry into the war on August 15, or mediate a compromised peace.
American B-29's made bombing runs over military targets on the Japanese mainland an integral part of their air campaign.
Japan's lack of air power hindered their ability to fight.' and there came this tremendous burst of light followed abruptly there after by the deep growling of the explosion, his face relaxed into an expression of tremendous relief," recalled General L. Groves of Oppenheimer, in a memorandum for Secretary of War Stimson. was engaged in heavy fighting with the Japanese at Iwo Jima and Okinawa.The explosion carrying more power than 20,000 tons of TNT and visible for more than 200 miles succeeded. With the advent of the nuclear age, new dilemmas in the art of warfare arose. The Pacific war would receive full attention from the United States War Department. In these most bloody conflicts, the United States had sustained more than 75,000 casualties.Sometimes incorporating napalm, these bombs were responsible for burning over 41.5 square miles of Tokyo by the United States in March 1945.unconditional surrender Unconditional surrender is a term used by victors in war to describe the type of settlement they wish to extoll from the vanquished.__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Atomic Bomb General Leslie Groves Hiroshima J. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ LIBRARY CATALOG: Search for materials in the COD library or in libraries worldwide.Robert Oppenheimer Manhattan Project Nagasaki Radioactive Fallout Soviet Atomic Espionage ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ [see Chapter 11] General D 743 . General Call Number area: D 767.25 List of COD Library books on the atomic bombings List of COD Library books on the Manhattan Project List of COD Library books on President Harry Truman List of COD Library videos on the atomic bombings Outline of the Library of Congress Classification System (what COD uses to arrange its books) I-SHARE (formerly Illinet Online): Get books from over 80 Illinois academic libraries Interlibrary Loan, to get books and journal articles from other libraries around the country. Department of Energy The National Museum of Nuclear Science and History.This database provides references, abstracts, and many times the full-text of articles. These collections span a variety of subjects in the Humanities, Social Sciences and Physical Sciences. Explanation of Scholarly Journals Explanation of the Difference Between Magazines and Journals How to Read a Research Article __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ The Atomic Bomb and the End of World War II: A Collection of Primary Sources. H 3 1996 ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ The Atomic Archive Atomic Bomb Disease Institute at Nagasaki University Atomic Heritage Foundation Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum Los Alamos Historical Society The Manhattan Project. Military and Government Collection of articles and bibliographic citations. Operation Olympia, a full scale landing of United States armed forces, was already planned for Kyushu on November 1, 1945 and a bomb and blockade plan had already been instituted over the Japanese mainland for several months.The Japanese resolve to fight had been seriously hampered in the preceding months.