As with everything, practices and requirements vary across institutions.
Some schools allow the publisher’s PDF to be included, while others mandate that students use the author’s version (pre- or post-print) and expand the material by adding an introduction, conclusion, and appendices.
Whatever one calls it, the practice is overwhelmingly found in the STEM disciplines, where students tend to publish coauthored papers with their lab groups prior to graduation.
A different, but related, practice is the “manuscript” option, in which a group of publication-ready papers form the dissertation, with the expectation that students will submit them to publishers after graduation.
Almost 60 years later, Berelson’s question would receive conflicting answers among academics today.
Recent framings of the dissertation have portrayed it as: “a hazing ritual,” “a credentialing device,” “a book’s first draft,” and, more ambitiously, the “wellspring of scholarly communication and of the higher education enterprise itself.” Regardless of the mutability of the dissertation’s purpose and any doubts about its significance, since the 19th century, American universities have required some form of publication for these works; indeed, the rise of university presses was a response to this requirement to publish dissertations.
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Scholarly Communication Roxanne Shirazi Adapting to changing publication practices among graduate students Roxanne Shirazi is dissertation research librarian at The Graduate Center, The City University of New York, email: [email protected] © 2018 Roxanne Shirazi hen I first began working with electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs), the conversation in libraries appeared to revolve around open access and publication embargoes.
It seemed to me that the primary task for scholarly communication librarians in this area was to broaden access to graduate research while protecting future publication opportunities for individual authors.
As graduate students begin to publish earlier in their careers, the relationship between the doctoral dissertation and scholarly publishing is evolving.