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The first stage is the pre-conventional stage, where a person (typically children) experience the world in terms of pain and pleasure, with their moral decisions solely reflecting this experience.Second, the conventional stage (typical for adolescents and adults) is characterized by an acceptance of society's conventions concerning right and wrong, even when there are no consequences for obedience or disobedience.The second stage is toddlerhood where children around the age of two struggle with the challenge of autonomy versus doubt.
The final stage is the generalized other, which refers to widespread cultural norms and values we use as a reference for evaluating others.
Behaviorism makes claims that when infants are born they lack social experience or self.
The social pre-wiring hypothesis, on the other hand, shows proof through a scientific study that social behavior is partly inherited and can influence infants and also even influence foetuses.
Wired to be social means that infants are not taught that they are social beings, but they are born as prepared social beings.
Socialization may lead to desirable outcomes—sometimes labeled "moral"—as regards the society where it occurs.
Individual views are influenced by the society's consensus and usually tend toward what that society finds acceptable or "normal".In sociology, socialization is the process of internalizing the norms and ideologies of society.Socialization encompasses both learning and teaching and is thus "the means by which social and cultural continuity are attained".In the final stage, stage eight or old age, people are still learning about the challenge of integrity and despair.George Herbert Mead (1863–1931) developed a theory of social behaviorism to explain how social experience develops an individual's self-concept.Understanding intention requires imagining the situation from the others' point of view.In effect, others are a mirror in which we can see ourselves.Mead's central concept is the self: It is composed of self-awareness and self-image.Mead claimed that the self is not there at birth, rather, it is developed with social experience.The theory questions whether there is a propensity to socially oriented action already present before birth.Research in the theory concludes that newborns are born into the world with a unique genetic wiring to be social.