The first hockey club in India was established in Calcutta in 1855.
The Bengal Hockey was the first hockey association in India and was founded in 1908.
The game can either be played on a grass field or on the turf, a specially made mat-like material.
India’s performance in Hockey at various international forums was phenomenal during 1920-1950’s period and that was probably why the sport became accepted as national sport in the country.
The objective of the game is to hit, dribble and push the ball around the field and attempt to shoot it past the goalkeeper into the goal.
The field players are not allowed to hold, kick or carry the ball.India competed in Olympics held in Amsterdam for the first time in 1928.Rules For long the game was played in two halves, 35 minutes each but the rules changed in 2014 when 4 halves of 15 minutes each were introduced. There are 11 players to a side among whom 10 are on the field and one is the goal-keeper.Two on field umpires officiate the match and monitor the play closely for any misconduct or rule-breaking.Legacy The Indian Hockey Federation was established in 1925 and the Indian hockey took its first international trip to New Zealand where they played 21 matches, won 18, lost 1 and drew 2 among them.In the first year of participation, in 1928, Indian Hockey team won Olympic gold medal for the country.Between 19, the Indian Hockey Team won six consecutive Olympic Gold Medals, won 24 consecutive matches scoring 178 goals while conceding only 7 in their half.Post 1980, Indian Hockey team’s performance in the Olympics has deteriorated and they have been unable to bring any medals back home.Indian Men’s Hockey team was the winner of the Hockey World Cup in 1975 held in Kualalampur, Malaysia.Image Credit: It is probably one of the most ancient games played in today’s time.The simplistic sport of guiding a ball with the help of a stick has been around even 1200 years before the start of the ancient Games of Olympia in Greece.