Essay On Jainism

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Thus, taken altogether, the five ethical pillars of Jainismâ€"non-violence, truthfulness, selflessnes...

Jainism Vardhaman Mahavir, the 24th and last Tirthankara (saint with divine power), was the founder of Jainism who first preached it in the sixth century B. Born to a Kshatriya chieftain at Kundagrams, near Vaishali, he left his family at the age of 30 and set out in search of true knowledge.

By Ryan Gash Jainism is one of the most complicated and interesting religions in our world.

Jainism is one of the oldest religions on earth and has a rich history. Jains, while small in number have some of the strongest beliefs among all religions.

Western scholarship has generally attributed the foundation of Jainism to Mahavira, a contemporary of the Buddha who flourished in the 6th century BCE.

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Jain teachings, however, speak of a long tradition of saints, the Tirthankaras, who in the remote past taught the same doctrines as Mahavira.At the age of 42, he acquired the highest knowledge, Kevalyanana, and began to be known as Mahavira. The main teachings of Jainism are: Ahimsa or non-violence; hard penance and self-sacrifice; no faith in the existence of God; worship of the 24 Tirthankaras; attainment of moksha or salvation as the main aim of life; belief in the next life, transmigration of soul and the theory of karma\ no faith in religious rites and rituals; and equality of human beings. He left his family in search of enlightenment in 537 B. The religious texts of the Jains are known as Angas. Despite its beginnings as a religion for renunciants, Jainism has from the earliest times attracted support from those who continue to live in society.This distinction is marked by the different codes of practice demanded by Jain scriptures of those living in the world and those who have taken vows of complete renunciation.Buddhism It was founded by Lord Buddha, a Sakya prince and the son of the ruler of Kapilavastu. The religious texts of the Buddhists are known as the Jatakas.In order to achieve these "three jewels" of faith in Jainism, believers or yatis must follow the 5 ethical pillars of the religion.These five pillars are enumerated as follows: (1) refusal to inflict injury (ahimsa); (2) truthfulness (satya); (3) refusal to steal (asteya); (4) sexual restraint (brahamacarya); and (5) refusal to accept unnecessary gifts (aparigraha).The fractures of Jainism into these two major sub-groups appears to have been recognised as early as the first century CE and was certainly established by the time of the Council of Valabhi in 453 CE which was attended only by Shvetambaras. The original basis for the schism centred on the question of whether renunciants should be naked or whether they should wear a white robe.


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