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Carrying on with the concept of archetypes and what further damages their credibility, is the fact that many people do not believe in god. to mankind by helping us evolve and create a civilised society. Ultimately Freud said that society should be based on science and rational understanding, so therefore religion is essentially useless. To Jung, religion is a device to harmonise the mind and prevent neuroses. s perspective religion is a invaluable and therefore indispensable to the human psyche.
Jung was a Swiss psychologist, who had different views on religion than Freud. s View THE DEVELOPMENT OF RELIGION In relation to the value of religious belief, you have to look at the origins of humanity.
The primitive world in which the early hominids lived in was a harsh one, uncivilised in the sense that they lived for all the basic things in life, primarily to reproduce.
While religion was different from a neurosis because an individual’s submission had meaning, Freud found that In view of these similarities and analogies one might venture to regard obsessional neurosis as the pathological counterpart of a religion, and to describe…religion as a universal obsessional neurosis.
By communally sharing their neuroses, humans were able to form religions that were based on emotional conflict rather than fact (qtd. Religion is not just a neurosis according to Freud, but it also provides humans answers to and protection from an uncertain world.
In comparing neurosis and religion, Freud notes “the formation of a religion, too seems to be based on the suppression, the renunciation, of certain instinctual impulses” (qtd. Suppression of instinctual impulses only created further conflict within the psyche, and as a result civilization experienced continuous anxiety and found an even greater need for the guiding force of religion.
Religion became a substantial part of human culture because the collective rejection of unacceptable urges was crucial in forming a society.
While Freud’s proposed stages of psychosexual development are some of his most criticized concepts, his view of religion also proved to be controversial.
Freud was raised Jewish, but his ideals changed by psychoanalyzing himself.
This answer led a lot of people to yet again question Jung? s idea of religious experience stemmed from the idea that it occurs within the mind. Conclusion What have we learned from Freud and Jung on the value of religious belief?
However many disagree, it has been said that a religious experience is external.