The two basic instincts are Eros (love) and the destructive or death instinct.
The purpose of Eros is to establish and preserve unity through relationships.
Sigmund Freud was the first psychoanalyst and a true pioneer in the recognition of the importance of unconscious mental activity.
His theories on the inner workings of the human mind, which seemed so revolutionary at the turn of the century, are now widely accepted by most schools of psychological thought.
Dreams are undoubtedly caused by conflict and are characterized by their power to bring up memories that the dreamer has forgotten, their strong use of symbolism, and their ability to reproduce repressed impressions of the dreamer's childhood (Freud, 1949, p. In addition, dreams, which are fulfillments of wishes, according to Freud (1949), are capable of bringing up impressions that cannot have originated from the dreamer's life (Freud, 1949, p. The basic objective of psychoanalysis is to remove neuroses and thereby cure patients by returning the damaged ego to its normal state (Freud, 1949, p. During analysis, a process that often takes many years, patients tell analysts both what they feel is important and what they consider to be unimportant.
An aspect of analysis that has both positive and negative repercussions is transference, which occurs when patients view their analysts as parents, role models, or other figures from their past.Consequently, the author contends that psychoanalysis is indeed a "great" idea in personality.As a therapy, psychoanalysis is based on the concept that individuals are unaware of the many factors that cause their behavior and emotions.This paper focuses on Freud's revolutionary theory of psychoanalysis and whether psychoanalysis should be considered a "great" idea in personality.The fundamental principles of the theory are developed and explained.Psychoanalysis is a general theory of individual human behavior and experience, and it has both contributed to and been enriched by many other disciplines.Psychoanalysis seeks to explain the complex relationship between the body and the mind and furthers the understanding of the role of emotions in medical illness and health.In contrast, unconscious ideas are defined as those that are not easily accessible but can be inferred, recognized, and explained through analysis (Freud, 1949, p. Freud spent many years hypothesizing about the role of dreams and their interpretation.He defines the states of sleep to be a period of uproar and chaos during which the unconscious thoughts of the id attempt to force their way into consciousness (Freud, 1949, p. In order to interpret a dream, which develops from either the id or the ego, certain assumptions must be made, including the acknowledgment that what is recalled from a dream is only a facade behind which the meaning must be inferred.Treatment traces the unconscious factors to their origins, shows how they have evolved and developed over the course of many years, and subsequently helps individuals to overcome the challenges they face in life (National Psychological Association for Psychoanalysis, 1998).In addition to being a therapy, psychoanalysis is a method of understanding mental functioning and the stages of growth and development.