Karl Popper Essay

Karl Popper Essay-39
Thus there is a feedback relationship between science and philosophy - and sometimes plenty of tension!One of the tenets behind the scientific method is that any scientific hypothesis and resultant experimental design must be inherently falsifiable.

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Another important point is that falsifiability is not any claim that has yet to be proven true.

After all, a conjecture that hasn’t been proven yet is just a hypothesis.

The major disadvantage of falsifiability is that it is very strict in its definitions and does not take into account the contributions of sciences that are observational and descriptive.

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Anthropology and sociology, for example, often use case studies to observe people in their natural environment without actually testing any specific hypotheses or theories.

While such studies and ideas are not falsifiable, most would agree that they are scientific because they significantly advance human knowledge.Falsifiability says nothing about an argument's inherent validity or correctness.It is only the minimum trait required of a claim that allows it to be engaged with in a scientific manner – a dividing line between what is considered science and what isn’t.Thus, falsifiability is not a simple black and white matter.The Raven Paradox shows the inherent danger of relying on falsifiability, because very few scientific experiments can measure all of the data, and necessarily rely upon generalization.Whilst some "pure" sciences do adhere to this strict criterion, many fall somewhere between the two extremes, with pseudo-sciences falling at the extreme end of being unfalsifiable.According to Popper, many branches of applied science, especially social science, are not truly scientific because they have no potential for falsification.If you were to present such a person with fossils, geological data or arguments about the nature of compounds in the ozone, they could refute the argument by saying that your evidence was fabricated to appeared that way, and isn’t valid.Importantly, falsifiability doesn’t mean that there are currently arguments against a theory, only that it is possible to imagine some kind of argument which would invalidate it.Popper had and still has his fair share of critics, and the question of how to demarcate legitimate scientific enquiry can get very convoluted.Some statements are logically falsifiable but not practically falsifiable – consider the famous example of “it will rain at this location in a million years' time.” You could absolutely of a way to test this claim, but carrying it out is a different story.

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