In a single study, parents and teachers of middle school students believed that homework improved students' study skills and personal responsibility skills.Leone & Richards (1989) found that students generally had negative emotions when completing homework and reduced engagement compared to other activities.Tags: Rhetorical Analysis Sample EssayKing Alfred The Great Research PaperSummary Business PlanResearch Paper MarijuanaHobby Badminton EssaysWilly Russell Our Day Out CourseworkDissertation Research Proposal SampleWho Can Write A Business PlanPersuasive Essay Against Cell Phones In SchoolDepression Research Paper Outline
Homework also creates stress for students and their parents and reduces the amount of time that students could spend outdoors, exercising, playing, working, sleeping, or in other activities.
to prepare them for upcoming (or complex or difficult) lessons, to extend what they know by having them apply it to new situations, or to integrate their abilities by applying different skills to a single task.
Students in the survey who were ridiculed or punished by parents and peers had a higher incidence of depression symptoms, with 2.2% of students reporting that they "always" had suicidal thoughts, and anxiety was exacerbated by punishments and criticism of students by teachers for both problems with homework as well as forgetting to hand in homework.
A 2007 study of American students by Met Life found that 89% of students felt stressed from homework, with 34% reporting that they "often" or "very often" felt stressed from homework.
Stress was especially evident among high school students.
Students that reported stress from homework were more likely to be deprived of sleep.Galloway, Conner & Pope (2013) surveyed 4,317 high school students from ten high-performing schools, and found that students reported spending more than 3 hours on homework daily.72% of the students reported stress from homework, and 82% reported physical symptoms.Homework can cause tension and conflict in the home as well as at school, and can reduce students' family and leisure time.In the Cheung & Leung-Ngai (1992) survey, failure to complete homework and low grades where homework was a contributing factor was correlated with greater conflict; some students have reported teachers and parents frequently criticizing their work.The authors of Sallee & Rigler (2008), both high school English teachers, reported that their homework disrupted their students' extracurricular activities and responsibilities. (2009) found that parents were less likely to report homework as a distraction from their children's activities and responsibilities.Galloway, Conner & Pope (2013) recommended further empirical study relating to this aspect due to the difference between student and parent observations.With few students interested in higher education, and due to the necessity to complete daily chores, homework was discouraged not only by parents, but also by school districts.In 1901, the California legislature passed an act that effectively abolished homework for those who attended kindergarten through the eighth grade.Research from Stanford Graduate School of Education conducted amongst 4,300 students highlighted that over 56 per cent considered homework to be a primary source of stress, whilst others reported increased levels of anxiety, sleep deprivation, exhaustion and weight loss.After considerable review and debate, ACS Egham has decided to drop ‘traditional’ homework for students aged four to eleven.