# Non Routine Problem Solving

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For example, in the problem, "Write a persuasive essay in favor of year-round schools," the goal state is not clear because the criteria for what constitutes a "persuasive essay" are vague and the allowable operators, such as how to access sources of information, are not clear.

Only the given state is clear–a blank piece of paper.

When the goal of an educational activity is to promote all the aspects of problem solving (including devising a solution plan), then nonroutine problems (or exercises) are appropriate.

In a nonroutine problem, the problem solver does not initially know a method for solving the problem.

For example, for most adults the problem "589 × 45 = ___" is a routine problem if they know the procedure for multicolumn multiplication.

Routine problems are sometimes called exercises, and technically do not fit the definition of problem stated above.

The definition of problem solving covers a broad range of human cognitive activities, including educationally relevant cognition–figuring out how to manage one's time, writing an essay on a selected topic, summarizing the main point of a textbook section, solving an arithmetic word problem, or determining whether a scientific theory is valid by conducting experiments.

A problem occurs when a problem solver has a goal but initially does not know how to achieve the goal.

For example, "3 5 = ___" might be a problem for a six-year-old child who reasons, "Let's see. That makes 4 plus 4, and I know that 4 plus 4 is 8." However, this equation is not a problem for an adult who knows the correct answer. It is customary to distinguish between routine and nonroutine problems.

In a routine problem, the problem solver knows a solution method and only needs to carry it out.

## Comments Non Routine Problem Solving

• ###### Routines in non-routine problem solving processes - EMIS

Nonroutine problem-solving, too, involves elements of routine. Often, elementary routines such as solving for a variable are not carried out without error. In this.…

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Also referred to as creative problem solving, non-routine problem solving requires some degree of creativity or originality. Non-routine problems typically do not.…

• ###### Comparing Grades 10–12 Mathematics Learners' Non-routine.

The study, which is derived from a larger study, compares grades 10 – 12 mathematics learners' non-routine problem solving. An exploratory study was.…

• ###### Routine and non routine problems - SlideShare

Sep 1, 2018. Routine and non routine problems. 1. Routine and Non-routine Problem; 2. Routine and non-routine problem solving We can categorize.…

• ###### Usage of non-routine problem solving strategies at first grade.

The aim of this study is to research how the first graders solve non-routine problems and which strategies they use. We also aimed to investigate whether there.…

• ###### Problem Solving Moving from Routine to Nonroutine and.

One math reform approach has been to present students with a steady diet of “chal- lenging problems” that neither connect with the students' lessons and.…