North Carolina History Research Paper

The Library consists of over 5,000 secondary sources.

Subjects include regional and national history, fine and decorative arts, material culture, horticulture, architecture and topics related to the field of public history.

After the Civil War, the tobacco industry dominated the city’s economy.

Cameron, Hardscrabble, and Leigh were the largest plantations within Durham in the early and middle nineteenth century.

German, English, and Scotch-Irish settlers were the first Europeans to inhabit Durham.

Most of the families who sought to dwell in Durham received land grants from the Earl of Granville, the Lord Proprietor of the Carolinas.Presently, Durham County continues to boast in its economic productivity and thriving medical institutions.The Research Triangle Park, a central hub for businesses, research organizations, and other innovative companies, stretches into northern Wake County and southern Durham County. “Durham History at a Glance.” The City of Durham website. The bulk of the collection centers on the Federal occupation of New Bern in the 1860s and institutional records related to the reconstruction of Tryon Palace in the 1950s.Archives and manuscript collections are available by appointment.In 1871, Winston-Salem was the first city to start a tobacco factory, but several years later Washington Duke, along with his two sons, established the W. Washington Duke lost his farm after the Civil War, but he decided to try his luck in the burgeoning tobacco industry.Duke’s first factory in Winston was a 20 x 30 foot log cabin that produced nearly 500 pounds of tobacco a day in the 1860s.The invention, along with a new immigrant labor workforce, boosted company profits, and in 1890, the W.Duke Sons and Company joined with several other tobacco businesses to form the American Tobacco Company.The Carraway Library was named in honor of Gertrude Sprague Carraway (1896-1993) who led the effort to restore Tryon Palace and served as its first director.For over forty years, the Carraway Library has been a continuing resource for Tryon Palace staff, community members and visiting researchers.

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