Antoine’s innovations did much to establish the principle that each play requires its own distinct setting.In 1906, as director of the state-subsidized Théâtre de l’Odéon, he produced classical plays in which he strove for realism not by means of period decor and costume but by re-creating theatrical conventions of the 1600s..
A breed of managers arose who made money from the possession of the bricks and mortar property rather than by presenting their own productions.
In the United States the Theatrical Syndicate established great fortunes from the New York theatres and the almost unlimited touring circuit that the railways opened up.
middle class took over the theatres and effected changes in repertoire, style, and decorum.
In those countries that experienced revolutionary change or failure, national theatres were founded to give expression to the views and values of the middle class, whose aspirations in these cases coincided with a more general movement of national liberation.
Throughout the 19th century, cities throughout Europe and North America exploded in size, and industrial centres attracted labour to their factories and mills.
The working-class suburbs of cities and the industrial towns created their own demand for entertainment, which led to the construction of large theatres.railways.
This is probably because there were already sufficient illegal theatres in operation when the act was passed.
The boulevard theatres of Paris experienced less trouble in establishing themselves.
The major impact the group made was with a number of naturalistic plays.
The theatre was at this time lagging behind literature, and, although Following on the scientific developments and the philosophical skepticism of the 19th century, the social reformers of the last two decades of the century probed into the causes of human behaviour and postulated that the meaning of human character was to be found in its interaction with the physical, social, and economic environment.