Developed in Japan over a thousand years ago and formalised and combined with shamisen music at the end of the 16th century, the puppeteers dress to remain neutral against a black background, although their presence as a kind of 'shadow' figure adds a mysterious power to the puppet.
The following are, alphabetically, the basic and conventional forms of puppet: The black light puppet is a form of puppetry where the puppets are operated on a stage lit only with ultraviolet lighting, which hides the puppeteer and accentuates the colours of the puppets, which are normally designed using colours that respond to UV light by glowing brightly.
The puppeteers perform dressed in black against a black background, with the background and puppeteer's costume normally made of black velvet.
The Puppeteer often speaks in the voice of the character of the puppet, and then synchronizes the movements of the puppet's mouth with this spoken part.
The actions, gestures and spoken parts acted out by the Puppeteer with the puppet are typically used in storytelling.
Puppetry is a very ancient form of theatre which dates back to the 5th century BC in Ancient Greece.
There are many different varieties of puppets, and they are made from a wide range of materials, depending on their form and intended use.
Carnival puppets are large puppets, typically bigger than a human, designed to be part of a large spectacle or parade.
The movements of animals may be compared with those of automatic puppets, which are set going on the occasion of a tiny movement; the levers are released, and strike the twisted strings against one another.
The puppeteers manipulate the puppets under the light, while they position themselves unseen against the black unlit background. The original concept of this form of puppetry can be traced to Bunraku puppetry.
Bunraku puppets are a type of wood-carved puppet originally made to stand out through torch illumination.