The NBAC’s report, , came to various conclusions, including the following (emphasis added): “The Commission concludes that at this time it is morally unacceptable for anyone in the public or private sector, whether in a research or clinical setting, to attempt to create a child using somatic cell nuclear transfer cloning.
The Commission reached a consensus on this point because current scientific information indicates that this technique is not safe to use in humans at this point.
Different countries are coming to different conclusions about nuclear transplantation to produce stem cells, but they agree with the NBAC advice on reproductive cloning of humans.
The COSEPUP–BLS panel focused on the issue of human reproductive cloning.
This report, by a joint panel of the National Academies Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (COSEPUP) and the National Academies Board on Life Sciences (BLS), focuses on issues raised by the possible application of nuclear transplantation technology to the reproductive cloning of humans.
In 1997, after a report announced the cloning experiments that produced Dolly the sheep , President Clinton asked that the National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NBAC), chaired by Harold Shapiro, look at the issue of human cloning.
The National Academies provided the initiative and financial sponsorship for this study.
The time is ripe for a re-examination of cloning-related issues, inasmuch as it has been almost 5 years since the NBAC issued its recommendations. In addition, several organizations have indicated that they plan to clone humans.
Scientists clone DNA (“molecular cloning”) so that they have large quantities of identical copies of DNA for scientific experiments.
Cloning of adult animals, known as reproductive cloning, has become relatively widespread since the report of the birth of Dolly the sheep in 1997; Dolly was the first clone of a mammal produced from an adult cell.