Thinking Critically With Psychological Science Answers

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The following is a list of some of the most important journals in various subdisciplines of psychology.

The research articles in these journals are likely to be available in your college library.

This means that they do not have to rely only on the scientist’s own interpretation of the data; they may draw their own, potentially different, conclusions.

Most new research is designed to —that is, to repeat, add to, or modify—previous research findings.

Psychological research is used in a range of important areas, from public policy to driver safety. This basic AIDS or volunteering research is then applied to help change people’s attitudes and behaviors.

It guides court rulings with respect to racism and sexism (Brown v. The results of psychological research are reported primarily in research articles published in scientific journals, and your instructor may require you to read some of these.In this book there are many citations to original research articles, and I encourage you to read those reports when you find a topic interesting.Most of these papers are readily available online through your college or university library.Board of Education, 1954; Fiske, Bersoff, Borgida, Deaux, & Heilman, 1991), Brown v. The research reported in scientific journals has been evaluated, critiqued, and improved by scientists in the field through the process of . Basic research and applied research inform each other, and advances in science occur more rapidly when each type of research is conducted (Lewin, 1999).The statements made by psychologists are All scientists (whether they are physicists, chemists, biologists, sociologists, or psychologists) are engaged in the basic processes of collecting data and drawing conclusions about those data.The methods used by scientists have developed over many years and provide a common framework for developing, organizing, and sharing information. The scientific method proscribes how scientists collect and analyze data, how they draw conclusions from data, and how they share data with others.Rather than accepting the claim of a philosopher that people do (or do not) have free will, a psychologist would collect data to empirically test whether or not people are able to actively control their own behavior.Rather than accepting a politician’s contention that creating (or abandoning) a new center for mental health will improve the lives of individuals in the inner city, a psychologist would empirically assess the effects of receiving mental health treatment on the quality of life of the recipients.The scientific method therefore results in an accumulation of scientific knowledge through the reporting of research and the addition to and modifications of these reported findings by other scientists. There are well-known laws in the physical sciences, such as the law of gravity and the laws of thermodynamics, and there are some universally accepted laws in psychology, such as the law of effect and Weber’s law.But because laws are very general principles and their validity has already been well established, they are themselves rarely directly subjected to scientific test.

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