Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of ancient Rome, consisting of large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean sea in Europe, North Africa and West Asia ruled by emperors.From the accession of Caesar Augustus to the military anarchy of the third century, it was a principate with Italy as metropole of the provinces and its city of Rome as sole capital (27 BC – 286 AD).The first two centuries of the Empire were a period of unprecedented stability and prosperity known as the Pax Romana ("Roman Peace").Tags: My Favourite Personality EssaysAp Essay On Space ExplorationEdwin Van Dam ThesisConflict Resolution Problem SolvingSolving Work Related ProblemsBusiness Plan For PhotographyEssay Writing CholeraLead AssignmentExample Of Division Problem Solving
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Greek and Roman art had a profound impact on the late medieval Italian Renaissance, while Rome's republican institutions influenced the political development of later republics such as the United States and France.
The corpus of Roman law has its descendants in many legal systems of the world today, such as the Napoleonic Code.
In an effort to stabilize the Empire, Diocletian set up two different imperial courts in the Greek East and Latin West.
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Christians rose to power in the 4th century following the Edict of Milan in 313 and the Edict of Thessalonica in 380.
Antony and Octavian's division of the Roman world between themselves did not last and Octavian's forces defeated those of Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC, ending the Final War of the Roman Republic.
In 27 BC the Senate and People of Rome made Octavian princeps ("first citizen") with proconsular imperium, thus beginning the Principate (the first epoch of Roman imperial history, usually dated from 27 BC to 284 AD), and gave him the name "Augustus" ("the venerated").
In the mid-1st century BC Julius Caesar was appointed as perpetual dictator and then assassinated in 44 BC.
Civil wars and proscriptions continued, culminating in the victory of Octavian, Caesar's adopted son, over Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC.