Other sections, along with a suggested length,* are listed in the table below. Now, let's go through the main sections you might have to prepare to format your paper.Cover Page On the first page of the paper, you must present the title of the paper along with the authors' names, institutional affiliations, and contact information. Bell Below the abstract, include a list of key terms to help other researchers locate your study.The corresponding author(s) (i.e., the one[s] who will be in contact with the reviewers) must be specified, usually with a footnote or an asterisk (*), and their full contact details (e.g., email address and phone number) must be provided. Note that "keywords" is one word (with no space) and is followed by a colon: Keywords: paper format, scientific writing.
Other sections, along with a suggested length,* are listed in the table below. Now, let's go through the main sections you might have to prepare to format your paper.Cover Page On the first page of the paper, you must present the title of the paper along with the authors' names, institutional affiliations, and contact information. Bell Below the abstract, include a list of key terms to help other researchers locate your study.
They are poorly understood because they are not written very well (see, for example, Schulman 1995 and selected references therein).
An excellent example of the latter phenomenon occurs in most introductions, which are supposed to introduce the reader to the subject so that the paper will be comprehensible even if the reader has not done any work in the field. Bregman, Schulman, & Tomisaka 1995), the work of your spouse (e.g. Once you get the grant, your university, company, or government agency will immediately take 30 to 70% of it so that they can heat the building, pay for Internet connections, and purchase large yachts. You will quickly find out that (a) your project is not as simple as you thought it would be and (b) you can't actually solve the problem.
The real purpose of introductions, of course, is to cite your own work (e.g. Cox, Schulman, & Bregman 1993), the work of a friend from college (e.g. Note that these citations should not be limited to refereed journal articles (e.g. 1994), but should also include conference proceedings (e.g. 1993b), and other published or unpublished work (e.g. At the end of the introduction you must summarize the paper by reciting the section headings. However -- and this is very important -- you must publish anyway (Schulman & Bregman 1994).
Taylor, Morris, & Schulman 1993), or even the work of someone you have never met, as long as your name happens to be on the paper (e.g. In this paper, we discuss scientific research (section 2), scientific writing (section 3) and scientific publication (section 4), and draw some conclusions (section 5). You have spent years on a project and have finally discovered that you cannot solve the problem you set out to solve.
If your errors are not caught before publication, you will eventually have to write an erratum to the paper explaining (a) how and why you messed up and (b) that even though your experimental results are now totally different, your conclusions needn't be changed. They are easy to write, and the convention is to reference them as if they were real papers, leading the casual reader (and perhaps the Science Citation Index) to think that you have published more papers than you really have (Schulman et al. The conclusion section is very easy to write: all you have to do is to take your abstract and change the tense from present to past.
It is considered good form to mention at least one relevant theory only in the abstract and conclusion.The main audience for scientific papers is extremely specialized.The purpose of these papers is twofold: to present information so that it is easy to retrieve, and to present enough information that the reader can duplicate the scientific study.This article will explore some of the formatting rules that apply to all scientific writing, helping you to follow the correct order of sections (IMRa D), understand the requirements of each section, find resources for standard terminology and units of measurement, and prepare your scientific paper for publication.The four main elements of a scientific paper can be represented by the acronym IMRa D: introduction, methods, results, and discussion.Referees who don't care one way or the other about a paper have a tendency to leave manuscripts under a growing pile of paper until the floor collapses, killing the 27 English graduate students who share the office below.Be aware that every scientific paper contains serious errors.These observations are consistent with the theory that it is difficult to do good science, write good scientific papers, and have enough publications to get future jobs. You've carefully recorded your lab results and compiled a list of relevant sources.The purpose of science is to get paid for doing fun stuff if you're not a good enough programmer to write computer games for a living (Schulman et al. Nominally, science involves discovering something new about the universe, but this is not really necessary. In order to obtain a grant, your application must state that the research will discover something incredibly fundamental. Nonetheless, you have a responsibility to present your research to the scientific community (Schulman et al. Be aware that negative results can be just as important as positive results, and also that if you don't publish enough you will never be able to stay in science.The grant agency must also believe that you are the best person to do this particular research, so you should cite yourself both early (Schulman 1994) and often (Schulman et al. While writing a scientific paper, the most important thing to remember is that the word "which" should almost never be used. 12 hours a day) typesetting the paper so that all the tables look nice (Schulman & Bregman 1992).