In the novel Wuthering Heights, Emily Bronte combines the romantic and realistic styles illustrating the romantic and realistic elements through nature, her characters, and the supernatural.The use of romance and realism in the novel also affect the reader's impressions and reactions, as well as the meaning of the work.
One of Bronte's significant romantic elements is her return to nature and her use of setting.
The Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange estates are also effectively used to reflect the certain types of people who reside in them.
Here, Bronte uses the wind, an element of nature, to show its romantic symbolic function.
The wind is constantly blowing in and out through Wuthering Heights just like those who have lived at the Heights have...
A scene which demonstrates this clearly is when Cathy reveals her ‘dream’ to Nelly, prior to declaring the nature of her feelings for Heathcliff, wherein she states her ideas about the after life: ‘[…] heaven did not seem to be my home, and I broke my heart with weeping to come back to earth; and the angels were so angry that they flung me out into the middle of the heath on the top of Wuthering Heights, where I woke sobbing for joy.’ The idea that the girl’s literal ‘spiritual home’ is not Heaven but the moors is, it appears, very close to how Emily felt herself when away from them on earth and her wilfulness in literally willing herself to death, as Cathy does, also invites the supposition that they were in fact very similar.
Moreover, after Cathy declares ‘I Heathcliff’, the reader realises that this is not a mere love story but two halves of one soul, the parting of which, as Cathy herself declares, ‘impracticable’.Novelists were inspired more so by poets and playwrights than other novelists (Romantic Period, The).This allowed for more freedom and expansion into emotional intensity.The tale is told by means of an extremely complex narrative structure, wherein part is related by the ‘outsider’, Lockwood, a tenant at the former home of the Linton’s, now owned by Heathcliff, and the intimate history of the family is told by the faithful servant, Nelly Dean.This technique, involving many time-shifts, allows the author to achieve the personal imperative of an ‘insider’, Nelly, with the abstract curiosity, perhaps similar to that of the reader, supplied by Lockwood, the ‘intruder’.The Wuthering Heights' dark and oppressive state adds on to Hindley's already existing agony from his wife's death and further encourages his isolation from the outside world.The somber state of the Heights also reflects Heathcliff's brutal behavior to those around him.Through these two settings, Emily Bronte shows the element of romanticism through the return to nature.The Wuthering Heights estate was built strong to defend itself against the wind.Earnshaw first brings the child home, the child is an “it” not a “he”’.From the first, he is Cathy, the daughter’s favourite, as he is her father’s, and the thorn in the flesh of the heir, Hindley.